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viernes, octubre 17, 2008

Biography Hugo Banzer

Biography Hugo Banzer Been born in a poor region of the tropical Bolivian east, San Javier - from where four of the 61 presidents of Bolivia in 176 years of republican life Banzer come returned of the Military School of Argentina in 1947. L D (AFP) Owner of impeccable foja of services, continued their studies in the American School of the Américas, with seat in Panama, and also it specialized in the School of Commando, the General Staff of the U.S.A. and the Bolivian Advanced military academic course. Named director of several military institutes in Bolivia, he exerted the portfolio of Education in 1969, during the government de facto of general René Barrientos Ortuño.

Designated by a military junta, he assumed the government the 21 of July of 1971 with the colonel degree. According to organizations of human rights during their regime 14,750 people were arrested by their political ideas, other 19,140 left to exile and more than 400 were deads, among them almost a hundred of natives who resisted in 1974 a hard plan of antipopular economic measures. During its inconstitucional government, Bolivia reached the level of external indebtedness upper: about 3,000 million dollars. Exponent of the dictatorships that dominated two decades ago the South American political scene under the frame of the cold war, Banzer appears in the gallery of South American dictators next to generals Alfredo Stroessner (Paraguay), Jorge Rafael Videla (Argentina), Ernesto Geisel (Brazil), Augusto Pinochet (Chile), in addition to the Uruguayan military regime. From his fall in 1978, caused by one of his men of confidence, general Juan Pereda, Banzer impelled without pauses the agreement and drew for in 1980 a judgment of responsibilities by crimes against the State and violations to the human rights in the Congress, that acquited it of positions. Banzer was accused also to endorse the military coup headed by general Luis Garci'a Rocks, who fulfills, in a jail of Maxima security of La Paz, a sentence of 30 years without right to I pardon. Banzer patented an unpublished and delayed democratic vocation when founding on 1979 a political party that allowed him to level enter the political scene in democracy. Since then, the conservative Acción Democrática Nacionalista (ADN) participated in six general elections with Banzer like candidate. In his transit towards his democratic transformation, in 1989, the ex- governor de facto seated in the presidential armchair, with the vote of his parliamentarians in the Congress, to an old enemy, the Social Democrat Jaime Peace Zamora, that in 1997 gave back gentilities to him and ordered its congressmen to viabilizar the election of Banzer like president of Bolivia, this time of constitutional way. Bolivian justice rejected in last February to before stop and to extradite to Banzer after the skilled order a month by Argentine judge Rodolfo Canicoba Corral, under positions of to have participated in the Cóndor Plan. Peace Estenssoro, Victor Nationality: Bolivia Department of Tajira 2-10-1907 Lawyer in Laws and Economy, shows preference for the educational work and gives classes in the Faculty of Economy of San Andrés. In the beginning in the decade of the Thirties he participated in the war of the Chaco and towards 1937 he worked next to Germa'n Busch like financial adviser.

In the decade of the Forties its presence in the scope of the policy is every greater time, becoming deputy. In 1941 it participates with Hernán Siles in the creation of the Revolutionary National Movement. In this same year minister of Economy is chosen, being Gualberto Villarroel in the presidency. When this one was overthrown Peace Estenssoro exile to Argentina. In the Fifties he returns to Bolivia like candidate to the elections by the Revolutionary National Movement. The results of the elections were discussed, reason why the Congress had to choose to a representative between the candidates who more votes obtained. In this way, Peace Estenssoro was invested president in 1952. During his first mandate, that lasted until 1956, initiated series of reforms which they affected the agrarian scope and it benefitted the natives, which they received territories of the State, and nationalized the tin mines. In addition it granted the right to him to vote to the illiterate population. To the aim of his mandate it acceded to the presidency Hernán Siles Zuazo, that remained a legislature in the power. In 1960 Peace Estenssoro it returned to occupy the presidency until 1964. In this year it is overthrown and it is transferred to Peru. In 1978 it returns to Bolivia and one appears again to the elections but it would fail in his attempt. It will have to hope until 1984 to accede again to this position. In 1988 third government ends his. In this occasion it happened just like in 1952, since no candidate reached the majority and was the Congress that chose to Jaime Peace Zamora.